Food researchers continue to discover the natural health benefits of a unique group of nutrient-rich fruits called super fruits. This select group of fruits offer a unique disease fighting and healing capability not found in other fruits. In fruit in particular has caught the attention of not only researchers, but the public as well. This up and coming super fruit is the Montmorency tart cherry.
The Montmorency tart cherry (the scientific name is Prunus Cerasus) is usually used in cooking recipes. The reason is this variety of the cherry is naturally low in sugar or fructose. However, it is also the variety that has the majority of research conducted on. It is commonly found in cherry juice, dried cherries and cherry extract. It is a rich source of potent phytonutrients including anthocyanins and melatonin.
Tart Cherry Anthocyanins trái cherry:
It is the naturally occurring anthocyanins that give this fruit its deep distinctive hue. The rich coloring agent belongs to a group of phenolic compounds called flavonoids. To date, about 150 types of anthocyanins have been discovered and the type in the cherry appear to provide the greatest antioxidant capability.
According to a published study in 2004 (Blando 2004) it is a rich source of anthocyanins. The unique health benefits of the synergistic makeup of the anthocyanins found in it provides its ability to alleviate the pain of arthritis. In 1999, (Wang 1999) research conducted at Brunswick Laboratories found that the fruit contained a class of powerful compounds called superoxide dismutase (SOD) These are a powerful enzyme and antioxidant.
Over 10 years ago it was researchers from Michigan State University that first discovered the high concentrations of anthocyanins 1 and 2. These specific types of anthocyanins help block enzymes in the body called cyclooxygenase 1 and 2 (also known as COX-1 and COX-2) (Momin and Seeram et al. 2001). These compounds work similar to the pain inhibiting properties of aspirin and even some prescription drugs. It is believed this is why the cherry juice helps ease the pain of gout and arthritis.
Montmorency cherries contain 30 to 40 milligrams of anthocyanins 1 and 2 for every 100 grams of the ruby red fruit. This type of cherry contains significantly more anthocyanins and phenols than do sweet cherries. Although tart cherry products such as cherry juice and cherry capsules tend to be more expensive, that is why people are chose the tart variety over the sweet cherry products. They are getting more anthocyanins then the sweet cherry products.
For example, two studies (Kim 2005, Chandra 1992) found that the total phenolic amounts in the sweet cherries ranged from 92 to 147 milligrams/100 grams, while the total phenolic amounts found in the tart variety contained up to 312 milligrams. This is more than double the amount found in the tart when compared to the sweet.
In addition, one study from John Hopkins Hospital (Tall 2004) indicated that the anthocyanins in the tart variety significantly lowered inflammation and pain in animals. These compounds help to lower oxidative stress.
So with all of the different sources of tart cherry products what should you look for when buying cherry products? The first is to look for tart cherry products, not the sweet black cherry. Although the sweet cherry products may be less expensive, according the research you may not be getting the vital health benefits you are looking for. Secondly, select a company that specializes in fruit products. A company that specializes only in fruit cherry products can offer specialized knowledge and answer in-depth question about the cherry products. Finally, select a source that offers product quality guarantees including 100% pure, sediment-free cherry juice or Montmorency cherry capsules.
You can find these requirements with an organization called Traverse Bay Farms. Not only is the company based in the fruit growing region of Michigan it is the only company to offer a sediment-free guarantee on its Montmorency juice and Montmorency capsules. They also offer free shipping on the juice and the capsules.